sábado, 24 de janeiro de 2015

Islamic Bioethics: Key Principles and Approaches

Big Ideas in Bioethics

In this talk, Tuba Erkoc and Roxie France-Nuriddin offer an introduction to the field of Islamic bioethics, as well as a brief overview of the Islamic Medical and Scientific Ethics Database at Georgetown.
Tuba Erkoc is a visiting researcher at Georgetown University and a PhD student and a research assistant in Islamic Law at Marmara University. She is a member of group which focuses on medicine and ethics in Istanbul. Tuba's interests span both classical and modern Islamic thought with a special focus on Islamic law, ethics, bioethics, and theology. Her dissertation is on the Islamic perspective on euthanasia.
Roxie France-Nuriddin is Reference & Program Specialist at the Kennedy Institute’s Bioethics Research Library, and Collection Curator for English language resources for the Islamic Medical and Scientific Ethics collection and database, a joint project of the Bioethics Research Library and the Georgetown School of Foreign Service Library in Qatar.

Bírósági határozatok, az orvosbiológiai mérnöki területén: bioetika a legitimitás forrásakén

Bioetika y Derecho lapja

on-line változat ISSN1886-5887


TEDESCO VILARDO, Maria Aglae  Bírósági határozatok, az orvosbiológiai mérnöki területénbioetika a legitimitás forrásaként.Rev. bioetika y Derecho [online]. 2013-ra, no. 27, pp. 28-37.ISSN 1886-5887http://DX.doi.org/10.4321/S1886-58872013000100004.
A jogosult a követelményt a doktori bioetika, alkalmazott etika és közegészségügy terjesztett. Az elemzett három ítéletei egzisztenciális ferde bioetikai megközelítéssel. Használt módszer az dokumentumfilm kutatás a reszelő részére elemzés és megértése az élet, az egészség és a szabadság, keresztül a Canguilhem, aki dolgozik, a fogalmak a normális és kóros elmélete jogi diskurzus fogalma. Az ítéletek megvizsgálta egy lehet következtetni a bioetikai elméletek a határozatoknak nem csak jelentőségét, a törvényesség, de tisztességes.
Kulcsszavak: bírósági határozat; igazságszolgáltatás; Bioetika; BioLaw.

sexta-feira, 16 de janeiro de 2015

Caso da Suprema Corte de Massachusetts - Patricia E. Brophy v. New England Sinai Hospital, Inc. (497 N.E.2d 626) 1986


Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts

We are asked to decide whether the substituted judgment of a person in a persistent vegetative state that the artificial maintenance of his nutrition and hydration be discontinued shall be honored. The effectuation of the ward's wishes is supported by his wife-guardian and his family, but is opposed by his attending physicians and the defendant hospital. We are faced again with a case where "[a]dvances in medical science have given doctors greater control over the time and nature of death" and where physicians have developed a "range of options . . . to postpone death irrespective of the effect on the patient." Superintendent of Belchertown State School v. Saikewicz, (1977). We recognize that "[t]he case . . . raises moral, social, technological, philosophical, and legal questions involving the interplay of many disciplines. No one person or profession has all the answers." Matter of Conroy, (1985).
Sensitive to the significance and complexity of our decision, we do not shirk our responsibility, for we are aware that the advances of medical science and technology are "compelling the public, through the courts, if not the legislatures, to formulate new standards and procedures for measuring the conduct of persons involved in the health care of persons with irreversible brain damage." Severns v. Wilmington Medical Center, Inc. It has been said that "we are on the threshold of new terrain -- the penumbra where death begins but life, in some form, continues. We have been led to it by the medical miracles which now compel us to distinguish between 'death,' as we have known it, and death in which the body lives in some fashion but the brain (or a significant part of it) does not." See, in accord, Barber v. Superior Court.